Constitutional Trainers and Consultants
The National Assembly for Wales make new laws in Wales. There is a four-stage process required to make a new law:
The Welsh Government can also make new Welsh laws independently, which are called subordinate legislation.
Your Legal Eyes can clarify the difference between various types of laws and give guidance on who can make or change them. We can also help you propose new laws or influence the amendment of a current law.
The National Assembly can make laws in over 20 different categories (called Headings), which you can find listed in the Government of Wales Act 2006 (Schedule 7). Headings include Education, Health, Agriculture, Local Government and Planning among others. It is important to note, however, none of the 20 Headings are fully devolved. This means there are many complicated exceptions to devolution (and exceptions to the exceptions) which can result in disputes between the Welsh Government and the UK Government as to whether something is devolved or not.
We can help navigate the maze of devolved functions to help you ascertain whether your policy or issue would be or not within the devolved competence in Wales.
Law strictly regulates the legislative process. It is called the ‘due process’ and has to be followed exactly so that Welsh Acts or other laws are legal. It is possible to influence the process for making Welsh Acts, particularly at the beginning when Welsh Government goes to consultation (White and Green Papers) or during the early stages in the Assembly (Stage 1 and 2). The contents of some subordinate legislation can also be affected.
We can help you respond to consultations by communicating with either the Welsh Government or Assembly Committees. We can also help you participate in the scoping of Bills and amendments to Welsh Bills or UK Bills.
A Green Paper is more general than a White Paper. A Green Paper seeks opinions on policy options whereas a White Paper seeks views on a particular Bill or project.
We can support you in scoping, planning and writing responses to both Green and White Papers. We can also help with consultations on Draft Bills when they happen.
Consultation exercises are open to all. Any individual or organisation has the right to respond to consultations and this is referred to as giving evidence. At the initial stage of consultation evidence is given in writing. Once the consultation is closed, the person/body who initiated the evidence maybe be invited to explain further what they have written in their responses. This is called giving oral evidence. Only those who have been invited can give oral evidence.
We can help you plan, prepare and write your written and oral evidence. We offer coaching on a one to one (or small teams) basis to help you deliver the key messages of your evidence confidently and precisely. This is one of the most popular services Your Legal Eyes offers.
There are so many consultations in Wales that most organisations find it a real challenge to respond to them all. The real challenge to manage is that consultation periods can be quite short and therefore being prepared to respond is vital.
We can help you select and prioritise the consultations you want to answer. We can also help you plan and prepare so that you can answer the most relevant consultations without wasting your valuable resources. We will give you tips on how to keep on top of the consultation roundabout.
Yes you can. You can affect what goes in the Bill by working with the Welsh Government before they introduce the Bills and after introduction by working with AMs in addition to the Welsh Government.
Law making is nonetheless a political process and with a majority in the Assembly, the view of the government is vital.
We can help you consider the pertinent legal issues which can arise in relation to Bills and help you focus and transform your policy ideas into law proposals or amendments. If you want to lobby on a particular issue we can introduce you to our partners who specialise in lobbying.
Your Legal Eyes is about the law and the legal aspects of policy and law making but we don’t work in isolation. We have entered in partnerships with experts in the related fields of policymaking, lobbying and PR.
Yes you can. Several UK Bills a year will affect Wales. UK Bills can be in non-devolved fields but also within devolved competence (if the Assembly agrees to it). It is important that policy experts from the devolved nations and Wales influence UK Bills to ensure the devolved perspective gains an appropriate level of priority.
We can help you work out the territorial application of UK Bills to see if they apply to Wales or to decide whether they should apply to Wales or not. We can also help you plan and prepare amendments to UK Bills.